One might have the impression that during the 2008 financial crisis the US Federal Reserve forced about a dozen big US banks to take loans so that a few weak ones would not stand out and that a few financial institutions that lent for car purchases also got money to keep car sales going. But it went so much deeper and wider. Not just US banks. Not just US financial institutions. The Fed lend to foreign banks and even foreign car companies. Also, it lent in the trillions. The Fed lent $6.2 billion to BMW and $4.6 billion to Toyota during the financial crisis. Yes, the Fed lent billions to companies that compete with US car companies, which import cars from Germany and Japan. The mind boggles.
In the depths of the financial collapse, the U.S. Federal Reserve pumped $3.3 trillion into keeping credit moving through the economy. It eventually lent $57.9 billion to the auto industry — including $26.8 billion to Ford, Toyota and BMW.
$6.2 billion to BMW? How can that be justified for a small foreign luxury brand? What was the Fed trying to prevent? Did all the credit markets freeze up? If so, why did the US have to bail out companies from around the world? I dug thru lots of articles on this (just a subset linked to here) and could find no explanation. Anyone come across a real insider view on this?
The US even lent billions to European banks as Schmuck Superpower. The US Federal Reserve, yes, lent big to banks from Germany and other Euro zone members who have their own central bank.
With the news this week that the Fed pumped money into European institutions during the darkest hours of the recent and continuing economic crisis without so much as a press release or a demand for better cheese prices, it is clear that even with all those big geopolitical shifts we have been hearing so much about, the United States remains the world's sole Schmuck Superpower.
Oh sure, whoever it was that was stamping "Approved" on all those requests at the Fed's "Foreign Banks Only" teller window no doubt thought it was in the self-interest of the United States to keep the global economy from imploding. But look at all the grumbling that Europeans do when asked to help preserve their own common currency and the economic health of their own neighborhood.
The presence of foreign banks in the program underscores the squeeze in dollar liquidity after the collapse of Lehman Brothers Holdings Inc. on Sept. 15, 2008. UBS, Switzerland’s largest bank, was the biggest borrower from the Commercial Paper Funding Facility, tapping the program 11 times for $74.5 billion.
While the Federal Reserve helped companies that had never before received Fed assistance, including several U.S. firms that are not financial institutions, the central bank lent billions to foreign banks that operate in the U.S., including Germany's Deutsche Bank Securities, which got $290 billion in mortgage securities; London-based Barclay's, which received a $47.9 billion loan; France's BNP Paribas Securities, Switzerland's UBS Securities LLC and Daiwa Securities America, a subsidiary of one of Japan's largest brokerage houses.
Why? That's not just a rhetorical question. Also, why the Fed by itself? There are other central banks in the world.
B of. A’s Merrill Lynch unit tapped the primary dealer facility for $2.02 trillion, according to tabulations made by Raymond Stone of Stone & McCarthy Research Associates. Citi borrowed $2.02 trillion, and Morgan Stanley /quotes/comstock/13*!ms/quotes/nls/ms (MS 25.64, +0.03, +0.12%) used the same facility to borrow $1.9 trillion, Stone said, though Morgan Stanley’s borrowings slowed after the Fed granted the bank holding company status.