In some ways, Zuhdi Jasser doesn't match the profile of the typical Muslim American. He's an active Republican who has supported U.S. wars in Afghanistan and Iraq, advocates for Israel and says his faith harbors "an insidious supremacism."
Well, Islam spread by conquest. Supremacism is core do its definition. Jasser might hope for an Islamic Reformation that separates belief in Islam from belief in religious states that enforce religious rules. But I think the odds are against him. Maybe American Muslims will absorb Protestant values the way that American Catholics basically protestantized. Maybe not too.
Yet the prominent Scottsdale, Ariz., doctor is the face of American Islam for a Capitol Hill moment. Other than members of Congress, Jasser is the only witness New York Rep. Peter T. King has identified so far for his upcoming hearings on the radicalization of U.S. Muslims.
The people of Muslim background who seem compatible with American values all seem to be atheists from Muslim families. So I am skeptical about claims of protestantization of American Islam.
Razib Khan argues that in America other religions (even Islam) have adopted Protestant norms for the position of religion in society. I question his assertion that American Muslims have accepted American norms on religion's place in society.
Which brings me to the point of this post, and the reason for the title: the exact numbers of Protestants, Catholics and Jews is pretty much irrelevant today in the United States. That is because Americans who are Catholic, Jewish, Muslim, and even irreligious, have a fundamentally Protestant understand of how one “does” religion. To understand how and why I say American Catholics and Jews have a Protestant understanding of religion I recommend In Search of an American Catholicism: A History of Religion and Culture in Tension and American Judaism: A History. In Catholicism and American Freedom: A History John T. McGreevy outlines the realignment in the 1950s of Jews with elite east coast Protestants in the culture wars against traditional Catholicism, a reversal of the historical white ethnic coalitions within the Democratic party which emerged in the wake of the Civil War. In The Impossibility of Religious Freedom Winnifred Sullivan argues that American jurisprudence in the domain of church-state separation and accommodation is rooted in Protestant presuppositions. Finally, in The Cousins’ Wars: Religion, Politics, Civil Warfare, And The Triumph Of Anglo-America Kevin Phillips asserts that American Protestantism is fundamentally a dissenting faith which was aligned with the Whig party. I believe that this is most precisely the influence which frames how Americans of all faiths and no faiths understand religion.
What I worry about: As the world becomes a smaller place will Americanized religions in America lose their American character due to more contact of their believers (e.g. via social media sites) with those areas which are sort of the center of gravity of each of their religions? I think we can not count on the continued Protestantization of America's religious.
|Share |||By Randall Parker at 2011 March 05 02:53 PM Religion Protestant Influence|