Women are collectivists who want to work on teams where they do not compete with other team members. They are more communist by nature. You have been warned.
Men are more likely than women to seek jobs in which competition with coworkers affects pay rates, a preference that might help explain persistent pay differences between men and women, a study at the University of Chicago shows.
The study, which covered most of the nation's largest metropolitan areas, also revealed regional variation in how much women desire jobs in which competition plays a role in determining wages. In cities where local wages are generally lower, women tend to want jobs in which competition determines wages, the study showed.
"We know that women, often working at the same kind of job as men, frequently are not paid as much as men," said John List, professor of economics at UChicago and an author of the paper, "Do Competitive Work Places Deter Female Workers? A Large-Scale Natural Field Experiment on Gender Differences in Job-Entry Decisions," published by the National Bureau of Economic Research.
Men are more likely to apply for jobs where they can get paid more than other employees by outperforming them.
Some applicants were told the job paid $15 an hour. Others were told the pay was based on individual competition, with a base salary of $13.50, and a $3 bonus depending on how he or she did in comparison to other workers.
Another package offered a $12 hourly base pay with a $6 bonus if the employee outperformed other workers. Still others were told the job had a competition-based wage, but that comparisons would be based on the productivity of people working in teams.
Of the 6,779 people who responded to the ads, 2,702 applied once they knew the wage structure. Those included 1,566 women and 1,136 men. (About 20 of the applicants were actually hired.)
"When the salary potential was most dependent on competition, men were 94 percent more likely to apply than women," List said.
Women are more likely to apply when the job involves the team getting rewarded for beating other teams. Also, in markets where pay is low women are more likely to apply for jobs where individual performance determines pay. My take: Desperation causes them to overcome their aversion to competition. Necessity is a mother, or it drives a mother.
|Share |||By Randall Parker at 2011 February 13 11:38 AM Human Nature Sexual Differences|